Gestational Chloasma and Dark Spots:
Gestational Chloasma or stains in pregnancy What to do?
What is Gestational Chloasma? Well, it is a temporary condition, typically caused by hormonal changes in women where large brown patches form on the skin.
During pregnancy the woman undergoes many changes (metabolic, vascular, endocrine and immunological).
All this can affect, in one way or another, the skin which can bring about the appearance of unwanted spots on the face.
These spots are called gestational chloasma, melisma, the cloth or mask of pregnancy.
It is important to note that these (Gestational Chloasma ) represent no risk to the health of the woman or the fetus, and that is summarized in asymptomatic hyperpigmentation of the face.
It is characterized by the slow, progressive appearance, and from the second month of pregnancy, spotted patches, in the form of patches or map, usually brown with milk on the forehead, the sides of the cheeks, the area that separates the Nose of the lips, and the lateral face of the neck, with greater prominence on one of the two sides of the face.
It is more common in dark-skinned women than in light-skinned women, because of their genetic predisposition to produce a greater amount of melanin.
Gestational Chloasma – Why do these spots appear?
The factors that generate Gestational Chloasma are mainly genetic, hormonal, and environmental. The hormonal alterations that occur during pregnancy, especially the increase of estrogen and progesterone, contribute to raise levels of melanin (pigments responsible for the color of the skin) in the face.
In addition, sun exposure, especially in the summer, stimulates the melanocyte system, further worsening the clinical picture.
It should be noted that this condition can also be seen in women who are not gestating a baby, especially those who use oral or intravenous contraceptive medication, and who use cologne, makeup, perfumed soaps and deodorants, due to the phototoxic reaction It originates when the chemical substances present in the flavorings absorb the ultraviolet radiation.
Gestational Chloasma – What can you do about it?
Although the freckles usually fade gradually and completely during the first year of postpartum, when the hormonal organization returns to normal; In 30% of women, particularly those with genetic predisposition, can be maintained over time.
In this sense, there are several solutions that can be used from the homemade to the cosmetic and medical treatments and which are described, below:
Home Solutions can always conceal using makeup designed to qualify spots and scars, preferably non – comedogenic, to prevent you from clogging the pores, or using a clearer basis, then another tone of your skin first.
Gestational Chloasma – Cosmetic products
■ Emulsions aimed to blur dark spots and stop the emergence of new, made with natural ingredients or containing vitamin C with lightening action on the complexion.
■Unless your dermatologist or gynecologist specifically advises you, stay away from anti-stain treatments based on hydroquinone, glycolic acid.
Gestational Chloasma – Medical treatments
Are contraindicated during pregnancy, the possible effects that may result in the baby, but also because in some cases manipulation can increase skin melanin and further exacerbate the problem not only.
It would be advisable to wait until after the birth and consult with a specialist in aesthetic medicine, the treating doctor and a dermatologist to confirm the possible alternatives for Gestational Chloasma:
■If the condition is mild, peeling with alpha hydroxy acids, such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid, will assist cell renewal.
■If the spots are dark and extensive, the specialist can apply trichloroacetic acid, to remove the layer of melanin from the epidermis.
■ In the most extreme cases, the most recommended alternatives are mechanical Dermabrasion with radioisotope or diathermocirugía (emit radio waves that take off the stained skin). The laser (generates a complementary light wave that erases dark pigments without damaging the surrounding skin). They are good alternatives for the postpartum.
Dark Spots on the Face What to do?
Many people observe, with concern how on their face dark spots appear and they wonder the reasons of these.
In this regard it is common that some women during pregnancy suffer from these spots called melisma or chloasma.
However it is important to note that others are not gestating, but have these spots. Then, the following questions arise: Why do dark spots appear? Is there any way to prevent them?
Dark spots: Their origin
These are melanin pigments deposited in the skin, coming from specialized cells found in the epidermis.These called melanocytes make more or less pigments according to the stimuli they receive.
One of the main reason is the ultraviolet radiation, the hormonal changes (estrogens) like those that happen during the gestation and, even, inflammations in the skin caused by small blows or traumas.
Take care of the sun
Regardless of why dark spot is present, excess sun can worsen the situation, darkening it and giving it more visibility. In white and delicate skin, unprotected exposure increases the appearance of blemishes. Remember to give the same importance to the protection of the face as to the rest of the body.
One of the best supports to fight against skin blemishes lies in the sea a real treasure for the health of the dermis. The nutrients contained in the algae act on wrinkles, making them less deep, maintain skin tone, elasticity, and attenuate spots, dark circles and bags under the eyes. Moisturizers and blockers with UV protection, are essential to take care of the skin and prevent the appearance of dark marks.
If the spots have taken up space on your face, opt for the makeup to cover them, taking into account the best shades to work them. It uses orange correctors, used by experts to cover the dark skin. Take into account that the beige tones illuminate the face, and the pink ones give a better appearance.
Foods are not directly related to the appearance of spots, although there are some whose specific components give greater sensitivity to the skin when exposed to the sun.
The special component that is most associated with the spots is psoralen, contained in some foods like lemon, parsley and celery; but this should not be a concern, as these foods contain other properties that counteract the effect of the chemical.
There are some fruits that have the ability to reduce excess pigmentation. However, it is proven that some foods that contribute to remove stains when applied directly on the skin. This is the case of raw potato slices, lemon juice, onion and garlic mixture, or tomato peel.
It is very important that, when noticing the first signs of blemishes, a doctor is consulted, since in some cases they act as alerts for the appearance of carcinomas and malignant lesions.